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Narrowing down your search

Exact phrases

Use double quotes to search for an exact phrase. This eliminates documents where the words occur but are not next to one another or are in the wrong order.

"movie star"

Searches for documents where movie and star appear next to each other in that order.

Proximity search

The NEAR operator finds documents where the query terms are within 16 words of each other. However, you can use NEAR/x where x is the number of words between two query terms. The NEXT operator finds documents where the query terms are next to each other.

movie star NEAR hollywood

Searches for documents where movie star appears in close proximity to hollywood.

movie star NEAR/5 hollywood

Searches for documents where movie star and hollywood are separated by at most 5 words.

movie NEXT star

Searches for documents where movie and star appear next to each other in that order.

Exact words

Use the + (plus) operator to search for the exact word in a document (disable word stemming). This operator also allows you to search for link words (the, a, of, or, and) which are ignored by default, or to search specifically for the plural of a word. This operator is useful to build very specific queries.

+stars

Searches for documents containing stars exactly (and not star).

Specific language

Use the language:XX operator (where XX can be EN, FR, GE, etc.) to narrow the search to documents of a specific language. This operator allows you to choose beforehand the language of the search result documents. This is useful when you make a query that has the same word in many languages, but it has different meanings from one language to another, for example service or management.

Tour Eiffel language:en

Searches for English-language documents about the Eiffel Tower.

Search on a specific site

The site: operator is used to focus a search on a particular web site.

movie star site:www.exalead.com

Searches within exalead.com for documents with the words movie star.

Title search

The intitle: operator allows you to search for a word or a group of words found within the title of a document. Use it, for example, to find a document where you know certain words are in the title.

intitle:"movie star"

Searches for documents that have movie star in their title.

Exclude terms

The negation operator allows you to effectively remove irrelevant results from a very general search. It can be specified either with a - (hyphen) before the word to exclude, or with the NOT operator. This allows you to remove from the search results all documents containing a specific word or expression.

star -movie

Searches for documents containing star but not movie.

movie star AND NOT (box office)

Searches for documents that contain movie star but exclude those with box office.

Search by Date

The before operator and the after operator restrict a search according to the date of a document's last modification or creation. before:DATE finds documents modified before the specified date, whereas after:DATE finds documents modified after the specified date. The format of the date is YEAR/MONTH/DAY, where YEAR is four digits, and MONTH and DAY are both two digits.

movie star before:2004/05/21

Finds documents on movie star modified before May 21, 2004.

movie star after:2004/05/21

Finds documents on movie star modified since May 21, 2004.
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